Learning Korean is not as hard as you think. For most people, the challenge comes from not being able to give enough time for studying the language. Hence, we decided to create “Bite-Sized Korean” — a quick and easy way for you to learn Korean through BTS content. We’ll try to make each lesson short, quick, and easy to understand — bite-sized and easy-to-btsdigest (teehee~) lessons that you can pair with your 15-minute coffee break 😉
For today’s lesson, we will sample a line from J-Hope’s song: Daydream. What better way can you open a series than celebrating the birthday of J-Hope, the sunshine of BTS, am I right?
-가 subject marker
-을 object marker
-고 conjunction marker (similar to “and” or “then”)
있다 to have/to exist/to be present
꿈을 꾸다 to dream (a dream)
-고 싶다 to want (to do something)
Now that we’ve got the base words, it’s time to build our sentence.
Tip: For Korean sentences, try reading it backward, word per word. Instead of reading it as 해가 있다면 꿈을 꾸고 싶다고, we will first take a look at the last word: 싶다고.
-고 is a conjunction marker. It’s usually added to the end of a clause to signify that the sentence or the “idea” being presented hasn’t ended yet. But for now, let’s ignore this and proceed with the root verb it’s attached to:
싶다, or rather -고 싶다 means “to want (to do something)”. You might also be familiar with the word 원해 or 원하다, which also means “want”. However, they are used differently.
Important note: 원하다 can be used with nouns directly unlike -고 싶다 which needs to be attached to another verb.
For example, let’s use 사랑 (noun: love) and 사랑하다 (verb: to love)
Using [원하다]: 사랑을 원해 (I want love)
Using [-고 싶다]: 사랑하고 싶어 (I want to love)
The second one sounds familiar, right? 😉 Anyway, let’s move on. For the next one, this is a bit of a mouthful:
꿈을 꾸다 means “to dream a dream”. It’s kind of redundant, but this is not the only verb with this structure:
i.e. 춤을 추다 (or 춤추다) which means “to dance a dance”
Our next word ends in -면 (if), so that means we actually have a clause that we can already understand. Let’s review.
싶다고 – I want
꿈을 꾸고 – to dream (a dream)
꿈을 꾸고 싶다고 – I want to dream
So there we have our first clause. Yay! Congratulations~
있다면 is the combination of marker -면 (if/when) and 있다 which can mean “to have”, “to exist”, or “to be present”, depending on the context. Therefore, we need to look at the next word to know what 있다면 means.
해가 translates to “the sun” being defined as the subject of the verb 있다. The sun cannot be “owned” and it obviously “exists”, therefore we will use “to be present” as the definition of 있다 in this context.
있다면 – when (it) is present
해가 – the sun
해가 있다면 – when the sun is present
To simplify the sentence, let’s use “when the sun is there“, instead. Now let’s combine them:
해가 있다면 when the sun is there
꿈을 꾸고 싶다고 I want to dream
해가 있다면 꿈을 꾸고 싶다고
When the sun is there, I want to dream.
I want to dream when the sun is there.
So there you have it. 🙂 Just like J-Hope, we hope you continue to dream and live out your life happily. We still have another J-Hope-inspired lesson coming up so we hope you can come back to learn with us again next time~
여기까지 This was Bite-Sized Korean <3
We’ll meet you again in our next lesson! 🙂